Without a doubt, Tadeusz Kościuszko was one of the most prominent people of his times. We remember him mainly as the leader of the famous (1794) Kościuszko Uprising, as the one responsible for victory at the battle of Racławice, and as a politician who was decades ahead of his time. However, Kościuszko was in fact an engineer. He studied at the Szkoła Rycerska in Warsaw where he was a graduate of a special engineering course designed for the most advanced students. His knowledge in engineering was later expanded upon and developed in practice in Paris – Kościuszko was also a distinguished participant of the American Revolution.
In the United States, Kościuszko is still revered. His immortalization is solidified by the many statues erected in his honour (e.g. in Chicago). However, few seem to know for what he is really famous. In reality, he is most famous for his work as an engineer, as the creator of perfect fortifications, which were of crucial importance for the Americans fighting for independence from the British. He created the fortifications in Philadelphia, which successfully defended the first capitol of the United States against the British. He built fortifications in Saratoga, whose placement and inventive construction were crucial to the final outcome of the war. He also built the West Point military academy on the Hudson River, and many, many more military-related feats.
Kościuszko's legacy as an engineer will be the main theme of Prof. Tadeusiewicz's lecture, which will be the final event in our series on Kościuszko.
This project is co-financed by the Municipality of Krakow.